Periodontal disease refers to diseases of the gum, bone and other tooth surrounding tissues. The main causative factor of gum disease is the accumulation of bacteria plaque and tartar on the teeth around the gums. Left untreated, gum disease can lead to excruciating pain, tooth mobility and eventual tooth loss.
To treat periodontal disease, we first remove the bacterial plaque and tartar. Deep Scaling is necessary in patients with moderate cases. Still patients with severe cases involving pocket formation in the gum will need root planning and currettage to take care of their cases. These procedures can be followed by supportive treatment with medications.
Other treatments that constitute periodontal care include reduction of gum pockets, gingivectomy and gingivoplasty flap surgeries, tooth splitting etc
It important to note that Periodontal disease cannot currently be cured; it can only be controlled, so it is important to follow your dentist’s recommendations for follow-up maintenance and treatment. In addition to routine check ups, performing proper dental hygiene at home is of course also important to help prevent the reoccurrence of this destructive disease.